School-wide Positive Behavior Instruction and Supports (PBIS) is a prevention model. It is based on the premise that all students can benefit form well implemented, evidence-based practices for improving student behavior. School-wide PBIS provides a comprehensive framework that can be used by any school to design their own system of behavioral supports for all students. It also provides informed decision making, based upon data analysis that guides the process of assessing student needs and providing additional levels of behavioral support to students in need.
Schools are discovering that PBIS:
- Helps to create a positive school climate,
- Addresses the behavioral needs of all students with proven, easy to implement strategies,
- Allows the school to create the “right fit” for them, so that practices are appropriate to the context and sustainable over time.
- Results in increased time for instruction and fewer disciplinary incidents,
- Is viable and does not have to overwhelm staff given the limited time and resources that schools are experiencing, and
- Is affordable.
Schools that implement PBIS focus on taking a team-based systematic approach, and teaching appropriate behavior to all students in the school. Schools that have been successful in building school-wide systems develop procedures to accomplish the following:
- Behavioral Expectations are Defined
A small number of clearly defined behavioral expectations are defined in positive, simple rules, such as the Sault Area Public School's 4Bs.
Be Safe - Be Respectful - Be Responsible - Be Ready to Learn
- Behavioral Expectations are Taught
The behavioral expectations are taught to all students in the building, and are taught in real contexts. Behavioral expectations are taught using the same teaching formats applied to other curricula.
- Appropriate Behaviors are Acknowledged
Once appropriate behaviors have been defined and taught, they need to be acknowledged on a regular
- Behavior Errors are Corrected Proactively
When students violate behavioral expectations, clear procedures are needed for providing
them with feedback, and preventing their unacceptable behavior from resulting inadvertent
rewards. Students, teachers, parents, and adminstiatrots all should be able to predict what will
occur when behavior errors are identified.