Multi-Tiered System of Support
Multi-tiered System of Support (MTSS) is a framework to provide all students with the best opportunities to succeed academically and behaviorally in school. MTSS includes three levels, or tiers, of instruction. Each tier has a set of evidence-based practices to meet the instructional goals. MTSS addresses these focus points:
- Provides high quality instruction and interventions matched to student need.
- Monitors progress frequently to make decisions about changes in instruction or goals.
- Uses data to allocate resources to improve student learning.
- Supports staff implementation of effective practices.
In Tier 1, all students are taught school-wide behavior expectations and receive core academic instruction using a research-based core comprehensive curriculum in all academic areas.
All students are screened a minimum of three times per year and compared to identified benchmarks in the respective academic area. Grade level and classroom teams use this data to inform instruction, gain feedback regarding the success of the curriculum, determine need for deeper assessment, and identify students who need intervention in Tier 2.
Behavior referrals are analyzed routinely to enable staff to make data-based decisions about school culture and climate.
In Tier 2, students who do not achieve benchmarks or are not responding to universal behavior supports are provided additional evidence-based interventions each day beyond the core program. Students are re-screened every 2-4 weeks to determine whether the interventions are resulting in sufficient progress toward the goal. This is called progress monitoring.
A small percentage of students require more intense instruction or behavior support each day beyond the interventions in Tier 2 because they have not shown progress. Progress monitoring should occur every 1-2 weeks.